Publications

List of publications

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Chandrakumar, C., Tan, M.L., Holden, C. et al. (2024) Estimating S-wave amplitude for earthquake early warning in New Zealand: Leveraging the first 3 seconds of P-Wave. Earth Sci Inform (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12145-024-01403-6

C. Chandrakumar, M. Tan, C. Holden, M. Stephens and R. Prasanna (2023) Performance analysis of P-wave detection algorithms for a community-engaged earthquake early warning system – a case study of the 2022 M5.8 Cook Strait earthquake, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, DOI: 10.1080/00288306.2023.2284276

C. Holden, R. Prasanna, M. Tan, J. Becker and Q. Ma (2023). Urban Earthquake Early Warning for Aotearoa-New Zealand – Keynote Presentation – Canadian-Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering (CCEE-PCEE), Vancouver, June 25-30, 2023. 

C. Francois-Holden (2022). Seismic structural monitoring in Wellington using advanced seismological techniquesTe Aohurihuri, ngā piki me ngā heke Designing for uncertainty, Challenges and Opportunities : New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Annual Conference. Wellington, N.Z.: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering.

 J.M. Carey, J.J. Mountjoy, G.J. Crutchley, D.N. Petley, C.F. Holden, Y. Kaneko, K. Huhn (2022). Episodic movement of a submarine landslide complex driven by dynamic loading during earthquakes, Geomorphology, Volume 408, 2022, 108247, ISSN 0169-555X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2022.108247.(https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X22001404)

Massey, C. I., Olsen, M. J., Wartman, J., Senogles, A., Lukovic, B., Leshchinsky, B. A., et al. (2022). Rockfall activity rates before, during and after the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 127, e2021JF006400. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JF006400

Prasanna, R.; Chandrakumar, C.; Nandana, R.; Holden, C.; Punchihewa, A.; Becker, J.S.; Jeong, S.; Liyanage, N.; Ravishan, D.; Sampath, R.; Tan, M.L. (2022). “Saving Precious Seconds”—A Novel Approach to Implementing a Low-Cost Earthquake Early Warning System with Node-Level Detection and Alert Generation. Informatics 2022, 9, 25. https://doi.org/10.3390/informatics9010025

Skłodowska, A.M., Holden, C., Guéguen, P. et al. (2021). Structural change detection applying long-term seismic interferometry by deconvolution method to a modern civil engineering structure (New Zealand). Bull Earthquake Eng 19, 3551–3569 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-021-01110-3

Wang, X., Holden, C., Power, W. et al. (2020). Seiche Effects in Lake Tekapo, New Zealand, in an Mw8.2 Alpine Fault Earthquake. Pure Appl. Geophys. 177, 5927–5942 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-020-02595-w

Becker, J.S.; Potter, S.H.; Prasanna, R.; Tan, M.L.; Payne, B.A.; Holden, C.; Horspool, N.A.; Smith, R.; Johnston, D.M. (2020). Scoping the potential for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand : a sectoral analysis of perceived benefits and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51: article 101765; doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101765

Weaver, K.C.; Arnold, R.; Holden, C.; Townend, J.; Cox, S.C. (2020). A probabilistic model of aquifer susceptibility to earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 110(3): 1046-1063; doi: 10.1785/0120180278

Holden, C.; Kaneko, Y.; D’Anastasio, E.; Benites, R.; Fry, B.; Hamling, I.J. (2017). The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake revealed by kinematic source inversion and seismic wavefield simulations : slow rupture propagation on a geometrically complex crustal fault network. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(22): 11320-11328; doi: 10.1002/2017GL075301

Bell, R.; Holden, C.; Power, W.L.; Wang, X.; Downes, G.L. 2014 Hikurangi margin tsunami earthquake generated by slow seismic rupture over a subducted seamount. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397: 1-9; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.005

Steacy, S.; Jimenez, A.; Holden, C. 2014 Stress triggering and the Canterbury earthquake sequence. Geophysical Journal International, 196(1): 473-480; doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt380

Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Jury, R. 2013 Sources, ground motion and structural response characteristics in Wellington of the 2013 Cook Strait earthquakes. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 46(4): 188-195

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J. 2012 Kinematic source studies of the ongoing (2010-2011) sequence of recent large earthquakes in Canterbury. paper 061 (8 p.) IN: Implementing lessons learnt : 2012 Conference, 13-15 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Christchurch: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Kaiser, A.E.; Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Beetham, R.D.; Benites, R.A.; Celentano, A.; Collet, D.; Cousins, W.J.; Cubrinovski, M.; Dellow, G.D.; Denys, P.; Fielding, E.; Fry, B.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Langridge, R.M.; Massey, C.I.; Motagh, M.; Pondard, N.; McVerry, G.H.; Ristau, J.; Stirling, M.W.; Thomas, J.; Uma, S.R.; Zhao, J.X. 2012 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of February 2011 : preliminary report. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(1): 67-90; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2011.641182

Fry, B.; Benites, R.A.; Reyners, M.E.; Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Bannister, S.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Williams, C.A.; Ristau, J.; Beavan, R.J. 2011 Strong shaking in recent New Zealand earthquakes. Eos, 92(41): 349-351

Gledhill, K.R.; Ristau, J.; Reyners, M.E.; Fry, B.; Holden, C. 2011 The Darfield (Canterbury, New Zealand) Mw7.1 earthquake of September 2010 : a preliminary seismological report. Seismological Research Letters, 82(3): 378-386; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.3.378

Holden, C. 2011 Kinematic source model of the 22 February 2011 Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake using strong motion data. Seismological Research Letters, 82(6): 783-788; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.6.783

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Fry, B.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Quigley, M. 2011 Preliminary source model of the Mw 7.1 Darfield earthquake from geological, geodetic and seismic data. paper 164 IN: Ninth Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering : building an earthquake resilient society, April 14-16, 2011, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: 9PCEE

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X. 2011 Preliminary broadband modelling of an Apline Fault earthquake in Christchurch. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/28. 15 p.

Beavan, R.J.; Wang, X.; Holden, C.; Wilson, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Prasetya, G.; Bevis, M.; Kautoke, R. 2010 Near-simultaneous great earthquakes at Tongan megathrust and outer rise in September 2009. Nature, 466(7309): 959-964; doi: 10.1038/nature09292

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X.; Miyake, H. 2009 Preliminary results of ground motions simulation for a subduction earthquake. paper 28 IN: Why do we still tolerate buildings that are unsafe in earthquakes : New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering 2009 Conference, 3-5 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Holden, C.; Bannister, S.; Beavan, R.J.; Cousins, W.J.; Field, B.J.; McCaffrey, R.; McVerry, G.H.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Samsonov, S.; Wallace, L.M. 2008 The Mw 6.6 Gisborne earthquake of 2007 : preliminary records and general source characterisation. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 41(4): 266-277

Holden, C. 2004 Direct measurement of fault rupture using seismic dense arrays : method and application to the Alpine Fault, New Zealand and SMART-1, Taiwan data. [Wellington]: [Earthquake Commission]. Research report / University of Canterbury, Department of Civil Engineering 2004-05. 131 p

 Massey, C. I., Olsen, M. J., Wartman, J., Senogles, A., Lukovic, B., Leshchinsky, B. A., et al. (2022). Rockfall activity rates before, during and after the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 127, e2021JF006400. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JF006400

Skłodowska, A.M., Holden, C., Guéguen, P. et al. Structural change detection applying long-term seismic interferometry by deconvolution method to a modern civil engineering structure (New Zealand). Bull Earthquake Eng 19, 3551–3569 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-021-01110-3

Wang, X., Holden, C., Power, W. et al. Seiche Effects in Lake Tekapo, New Zealand, in an Mw8.2 Alpine Fault Earthquake. Pure Appl. Geophys. 177, 5927–5942 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-020-02595-w

Becker, J.S.; Potter, S.H.; Prasanna, R.; Tan, M.L.; Payne, B.A.; Holden, C.; Horspool, N.A.; Smith, R.; Johnston, D.M. 2020. Scoping the potential for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand : a sectoral analysis of perceived benefits and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51: article 101765; doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101765

Weaver, K.C.; Arnold, R.; Holden, C.; Townend, J.; Cox, S.C. 2020. A probabilistic model of aquifer susceptibility to earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 110(3): 1046-1063; doi: 10.1785/0120180278

Holden, C.; Kaneko, Y.; D’Anastasio, E.; Benites, R.; Fry, B.; Hamling, I.J. 2017 The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake revealed by kinematic source inversion and seismic wavefield simulations : slow rupture propagation on a geometrically complex crustal fault network. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(22): 11320-11328; doi: 10.1002/2017GL075301

Bell, R.; Holden, C.; Power, W.L.; Wang, X.; Downes, G.L. 2014 Hikurangi margin tsunami earthquake generated by slow seismic rupture over a subducted seamount. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397: 1-9; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.005

Steacy, S.; Jimenez, A.; Holden, C. 2014 Stress triggering and the Canterbury earthquake sequence. Geophysical Journal International, 196(1): 473-480; doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt380

Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Jury, R. 2013 Sources, ground motion and structural response characteristics in Wellington of the 2013 Cook Strait earthquakes. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 46(4): 188-195

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J. 2012 Kinematic source studies of the ongoing (2010-2011) sequence of recent large earthquakes in Canterbury. paper 061 (8 p.) IN: Implementing lessons learnt : 2012 Conference, 13-15 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Christchurch: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Kaiser, A.E.; Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Beetham, R.D.; Benites, R.A.; Celentano, A.; Collet, D.; Cousins, W.J.; Cubrinovski, M.; Dellow, G.D.; Denys, P.; Fielding, E.; Fry, B.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Langridge, R.M.; Massey, C.I.; Motagh, M.; Pondard, N.; McVerry, G.H.; Ristau, J.; Stirling, M.W.; Thomas, J.; Uma, S.R.; Zhao, J.X. 2012 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of February 2011 : preliminary report. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(1): 67-90; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2011.641182

Fry, B.; Benites, R.A.; Reyners, M.E.; Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Bannister, S.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Williams, C.A.; Ristau, J.; Beavan, R.J. 2011 Strong shaking in recent New Zealand earthquakes. Eos, 92(41): 349-351

Gledhill, K.R.; Ristau, J.; Reyners, M.E.; Fry, B.; Holden, C. 2011 The Darfield (Canterbury, New Zealand) Mw7.1 earthquake of September 2010 : a preliminary seismological report. Seismological Research Letters, 82(3): 378-386; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.3.378

Holden, C. 2011 Kinematic source model of the 22 February 2011 Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake using strong motion data. Seismological Research Letters, 82(6): 783-788; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.6.783

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Fry, B.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Quigley, M. 2011 Preliminary source model of the Mw 7.1 Darfield earthquake from geological, geodetic and seismic data. paper 164 IN: Ninth Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering : building an earthquake resilient society, April 14-16, 2011, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: 9PCEE

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X. 2011 Preliminary broadband modelling of an Apline Fault earthquake in Christchurch. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/28. 15 p.

Beavan, R.J.; Wang, X.; Holden, C.; Wilson, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Prasetya, G.; Bevis, M.; Kautoke, R. 2010 Near-simultaneous great earthquakes at Tongan megathrust and outer rise in September 2009. Nature, 466(7309): 959-964; doi: 10.1038/nature09292

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X.; Miyake, H. 2009 Preliminary results of ground motions simulation for a subduction earthquake. paper 28 IN: Why do we still tolerate buildings that are unsafe in earthquakes : New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering 2009 Conference, 3-5 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Holden, C.; Bannister, S.; Beavan, R.J.; Cousins, W.J.; Field, B.J.; McCaffrey, R.; McVerry, G.H.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Samsonov, S.; Wallace, L.M. 2008 The Mw 6.6 Gisborne earthquake of 2007 : preliminary records and general source characterisation. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 41(4): 266-277

Holden, C. 2004 Direct measurement of fault rupture using seismic dense arrays : method and application to the Alpine Fault, New Zealand and SMART-1, Taiwan data. [Wellington]: [Earthquake Commission]. Research report / University of Canterbury, Department of Civil Engineering 2004-05. 131 p

 Massey, C. I., Olsen, M. J., Wartman, J., Senogles, A., Lukovic, B., Leshchinsky, B. A., et al. (2022). Rockfall activity rates before, during and after the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 127, e2021JF006400. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JF006400

Skłodowska, A.M., Holden, C., Guéguen, P. et al. Structural change detection applying long-term seismic interferometry by deconvolution method to a modern civil engineering structure (New Zealand). Bull Earthquake Eng 19, 3551–3569 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-021-01110-3

Wang, X., Holden, C., Power, W. et al. Seiche Effects in Lake Tekapo, New Zealand, in an Mw8.2 Alpine Fault Earthquake. Pure Appl. Geophys. 177, 5927–5942 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-020-02595-w

Becker, J.S.; Potter, S.H.; Prasanna, R.; Tan, M.L.; Payne, B.A.; Holden, C.; Horspool, N.A.; Smith, R.; Johnston, D.M. 2020. Scoping the potential for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand : a sectoral analysis of perceived benefits and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51: article 101765; doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101765

Weaver, K.C.; Arnold, R.; Holden, C.; Townend, J.; Cox, S.C. 2020. A probabilistic model of aquifer susceptibility to earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 110(3): 1046-1063; doi: 10.1785/0120180278

Holden, C.; Kaneko, Y.; D’Anastasio, E.; Benites, R.; Fry, B.; Hamling, I.J. 2017 The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake revealed by kinematic source inversion and seismic wavefield simulations : slow rupture propagation on a geometrically complex crustal fault network. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(22): 11320-11328; doi: 10.1002/2017GL075301

Bell, R.; Holden, C.; Power, W.L.; Wang, X.; Downes, G.L. 2014 Hikurangi margin tsunami earthquake generated by slow seismic rupture over a subducted seamount. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397: 1-9; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.005

Steacy, S.; Jimenez, A.; Holden, C. 2014 Stress triggering and the Canterbury earthquake sequence. Geophysical Journal International, 196(1): 473-480; doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt380

Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Jury, R. 2013 Sources, ground motion and structural response characteristics in Wellington of the 2013 Cook Strait earthquakes. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 46(4): 188-195

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J. 2012 Kinematic source studies of the ongoing (2010-2011) sequence of recent large earthquakes in Canterbury. paper 061 (8 p.) IN: Implementing lessons learnt : 2012 Conference, 13-15 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Christchurch: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Kaiser, A.E.; Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Beetham, R.D.; Benites, R.A.; Celentano, A.; Collet, D.; Cousins, W.J.; Cubrinovski, M.; Dellow, G.D.; Denys, P.; Fielding, E.; Fry, B.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Langridge, R.M.; Massey, C.I.; Motagh, M.; Pondard, N.; McVerry, G.H.; Ristau, J.; Stirling, M.W.; Thomas, J.; Uma, S.R.; Zhao, J.X. 2012 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of February 2011 : preliminary report. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(1): 67-90; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2011.641182

Fry, B.; Benites, R.A.; Reyners, M.E.; Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Bannister, S.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Williams, C.A.; Ristau, J.; Beavan, R.J. 2011 Strong shaking in recent New Zealand earthquakes. Eos, 92(41): 349-351

Gledhill, K.R.; Ristau, J.; Reyners, M.E.; Fry, B.; Holden, C. 2011 The Darfield (Canterbury, New Zealand) Mw7.1 earthquake of September 2010 : a preliminary seismological report. Seismological Research Letters, 82(3): 378-386; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.3.378

Holden, C. 2011 Kinematic source model of the 22 February 2011 Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake using strong motion data. Seismological Research Letters, 82(6): 783-788; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.6.783

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Fry, B.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Quigley, M. 2011 Preliminary source model of the Mw 7.1 Darfield earthquake from geological, geodetic and seismic data. paper 164 IN: Ninth Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering : building an earthquake resilient society, April 14-16, 2011, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: 9PCEE

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X. 2011 Preliminary broadband modelling of an Apline Fault earthquake in Christchurch. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/28. 15 p.

Beavan, R.J.; Wang, X.; Holden, C.; Wilson, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Prasetya, G.; Bevis, M.; Kautoke, R. 2010 Near-simultaneous great earthquakes at Tongan megathrust and outer rise in September 2009. Nature, 466(7309): 959-964; doi: 10.1038/nature09292

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X.; Miyake, H. 2009 Preliminary results of ground motions simulation for a subduction earthquake. paper 28 IN: Why do we still tolerate buildings that are unsafe in earthquakes : New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering 2009 Conference, 3-5 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Holden, C.; Bannister, S.; Beavan, R.J.; Cousins, W.J.; Field, B.J.; McCaffrey, R.; McVerry, G.H.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Samsonov, S.; Wallace, L.M. 2008 The Mw 6.6 Gisborne earthquake of 2007 : preliminary records and general source characterisation. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 41(4): 266-277

Holden, C. 2004 Direct measurement of fault rupture using seismic dense arrays : method and application to the Alpine Fault, New Zealand and SMART-1, Taiwan data. [Wellington]: [Earthquake Commission]. Research report / University of Canterbury, Department of Civil Engineering 2004-05. 131 p

 Massey, C. I., Olsen, M. J., Wartman, J., Senogles, A., Lukovic, B., Leshchinsky, B. A., et al. (2022). Rockfall activity rates before, during and after the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 127, e2021JF006400. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JF006400

Skłodowska, A.M., Holden, C., Guéguen, P. et al. Structural change detection applying long-term seismic interferometry by deconvolution method to a modern civil engineering structure (New Zealand). Bull Earthquake Eng 19, 3551–3569 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-021-01110-3

Wang, X., Holden, C., Power, W. et al. Seiche Effects in Lake Tekapo, New Zealand, in an Mw8.2 Alpine Fault Earthquake. Pure Appl. Geophys. 177, 5927–5942 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-020-02595-w

Becker, J.S.; Potter, S.H.; Prasanna, R.; Tan, M.L.; Payne, B.A.; Holden, C.; Horspool, N.A.; Smith, R.; Johnston, D.M. 2020. Scoping the potential for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand : a sectoral analysis of perceived benefits and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51: article 101765; doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101765

Weaver, K.C.; Arnold, R.; Holden, C.; Townend, J.; Cox, S.C. 2020. A probabilistic model of aquifer susceptibility to earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 110(3): 1046-1063; doi: 10.1785/0120180278

Holden, C.; Kaneko, Y.; D’Anastasio, E.; Benites, R.; Fry, B.; Hamling, I.J. 2017 The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake revealed by kinematic source inversion and seismic wavefield simulations : slow rupture propagation on a geometrically complex crustal fault network. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(22): 11320-11328; doi: 10.1002/2017GL075301

Bell, R.; Holden, C.; Power, W.L.; Wang, X.; Downes, G.L. 2014 Hikurangi margin tsunami earthquake generated by slow seismic rupture over a subducted seamount. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397: 1-9; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.005

Steacy, S.; Jimenez, A.; Holden, C. 2014 Stress triggering and the Canterbury earthquake sequence. Geophysical Journal International, 196(1): 473-480; doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt380

Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Jury, R. 2013 Sources, ground motion and structural response characteristics in Wellington of the 2013 Cook Strait earthquakes. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 46(4): 188-195

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J. 2012 Kinematic source studies of the ongoing (2010-2011) sequence of recent large earthquakes in Canterbury. paper 061 (8 p.) IN: Implementing lessons learnt : 2012 Conference, 13-15 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Christchurch: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Kaiser, A.E.; Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Beetham, R.D.; Benites, R.A.; Celentano, A.; Collet, D.; Cousins, W.J.; Cubrinovski, M.; Dellow, G.D.; Denys, P.; Fielding, E.; Fry, B.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Langridge, R.M.; Massey, C.I.; Motagh, M.; Pondard, N.; McVerry, G.H.; Ristau, J.; Stirling, M.W.; Thomas, J.; Uma, S.R.; Zhao, J.X. 2012 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of February 2011 : preliminary report. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(1): 67-90; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2011.641182

Fry, B.; Benites, R.A.; Reyners, M.E.; Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Bannister, S.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Williams, C.A.; Ristau, J.; Beavan, R.J. 2011 Strong shaking in recent New Zealand earthquakes. Eos, 92(41): 349-351

Gledhill, K.R.; Ristau, J.; Reyners, M.E.; Fry, B.; Holden, C. 2011 The Darfield (Canterbury, New Zealand) Mw7.1 earthquake of September 2010 : a preliminary seismological report. Seismological Research Letters, 82(3): 378-386; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.3.378

Holden, C. 2011 Kinematic source model of the 22 February 2011 Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake using strong motion data. Seismological Research Letters, 82(6): 783-788; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.6.783

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Fry, B.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Quigley, M. 2011 Preliminary source model of the Mw 7.1 Darfield earthquake from geological, geodetic and seismic data. paper 164 IN: Ninth Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering : building an earthquake resilient society, April 14-16, 2011, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: 9PCEE

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X. 2011 Preliminary broadband modelling of an Apline Fault earthquake in Christchurch. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/28. 15 p.

Beavan, R.J.; Wang, X.; Holden, C.; Wilson, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Prasetya, G.; Bevis, M.; Kautoke, R. 2010 Near-simultaneous great earthquakes at Tongan megathrust and outer rise in September 2009. Nature, 466(7309): 959-964; doi: 10.1038/nature09292

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X.; Miyake, H. 2009 Preliminary results of ground motions simulation for a subduction earthquake. paper 28 IN: Why do we still tolerate buildings that are unsafe in earthquakes : New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering 2009 Conference, 3-5 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Holden, C.; Bannister, S.; Beavan, R.J.; Cousins, W.J.; Field, B.J.; McCaffrey, R.; McVerry, G.H.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Samsonov, S.; Wallace, L.M. 2008 The Mw 6.6 Gisborne earthquake of 2007 : preliminary records and general source characterisation. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 41(4): 266-277

Holden, C. 2004 Direct measurement of fault rupture using seismic dense arrays : method and application to the Alpine Fault, New Zealand and SMART-1, Taiwan data. [Wellington]: [Earthquake Commission]. Research report / University of Canterbury, Department of Civil Engineering 2004-05. 131 p

 Massey, C. I., Olsen, M. J., Wartman, J., Senogles, A., Lukovic, B., Leshchinsky, B. A., et al. (2022). Rockfall activity rates before, during and after the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 127, e2021JF006400. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JF006400

Skłodowska, A.M., Holden, C., Guéguen, P. et al. Structural change detection applying long-term seismic interferometry by deconvolution method to a modern civil engineering structure (New Zealand). Bull Earthquake Eng 19, 3551–3569 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-021-01110-3

Wang, X., Holden, C., Power, W. et al. Seiche Effects in Lake Tekapo, New Zealand, in an Mw8.2 Alpine Fault Earthquake. Pure Appl. Geophys. 177, 5927–5942 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-020-02595-w

Becker, J.S.; Potter, S.H.; Prasanna, R.; Tan, M.L.; Payne, B.A.; Holden, C.; Horspool, N.A.; Smith, R.; Johnston, D.M. 2020. Scoping the potential for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand : a sectoral analysis of perceived benefits and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51: article 101765; doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101765

Weaver, K.C.; Arnold, R.; Holden, C.; Townend, J.; Cox, S.C. 2020. A probabilistic model of aquifer susceptibility to earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 110(3): 1046-1063; doi: 10.1785/0120180278

Holden, C.; Kaneko, Y.; D’Anastasio, E.; Benites, R.; Fry, B.; Hamling, I.J. 2017 The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake revealed by kinematic source inversion and seismic wavefield simulations : slow rupture propagation on a geometrically complex crustal fault network. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(22): 11320-11328; doi: 10.1002/2017GL075301

Bell, R.; Holden, C.; Power, W.L.; Wang, X.; Downes, G.L. 2014 Hikurangi margin tsunami earthquake generated by slow seismic rupture over a subducted seamount. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397: 1-9; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.005

Steacy, S.; Jimenez, A.; Holden, C. 2014 Stress triggering and the Canterbury earthquake sequence. Geophysical Journal International, 196(1): 473-480; doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt380

Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Jury, R. 2013 Sources, ground motion and structural response characteristics in Wellington of the 2013 Cook Strait earthquakes. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 46(4): 188-195

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J. 2012 Kinematic source studies of the ongoing (2010-2011) sequence of recent large earthquakes in Canterbury. paper 061 (8 p.) IN: Implementing lessons learnt : 2012 Conference, 13-15 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Christchurch: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Kaiser, A.E.; Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Beetham, R.D.; Benites, R.A.; Celentano, A.; Collet, D.; Cousins, W.J.; Cubrinovski, M.; Dellow, G.D.; Denys, P.; Fielding, E.; Fry, B.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Langridge, R.M.; Massey, C.I.; Motagh, M.; Pondard, N.; McVerry, G.H.; Ristau, J.; Stirling, M.W.; Thomas, J.; Uma, S.R.; Zhao, J.X. 2012 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of February 2011 : preliminary report. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(1): 67-90; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2011.641182

Fry, B.; Benites, R.A.; Reyners, M.E.; Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Bannister, S.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Williams, C.A.; Ristau, J.; Beavan, R.J. 2011 Strong shaking in recent New Zealand earthquakes. Eos, 92(41): 349-351

Gledhill, K.R.; Ristau, J.; Reyners, M.E.; Fry, B.; Holden, C. 2011 The Darfield (Canterbury, New Zealand) Mw7.1 earthquake of September 2010 : a preliminary seismological report. Seismological Research Letters, 82(3): 378-386; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.3.378

Holden, C. 2011 Kinematic source model of the 22 February 2011 Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake using strong motion data. Seismological Research Letters, 82(6): 783-788; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.6.783

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Fry, B.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Quigley, M. 2011 Preliminary source model of the Mw 7.1 Darfield earthquake from geological, geodetic and seismic data. paper 164 IN: Ninth Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering : building an earthquake resilient society, April 14-16, 2011, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: 9PCEE

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X. 2011 Preliminary broadband modelling of an Apline Fault earthquake in Christchurch. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/28. 15 p.

Beavan, R.J.; Wang, X.; Holden, C.; Wilson, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Prasetya, G.; Bevis, M.; Kautoke, R. 2010 Near-simultaneous great earthquakes at Tongan megathrust and outer rise in September 2009. Nature, 466(7309): 959-964; doi: 10.1038/nature09292

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X.; Miyake, H. 2009 Preliminary results of ground motions simulation for a subduction earthquake. paper 28 IN: Why do we still tolerate buildings that are unsafe in earthquakes : New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering 2009 Conference, 3-5 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Holden, C.; Bannister, S.; Beavan, R.J.; Cousins, W.J.; Field, B.J.; McCaffrey, R.; McVerry, G.H.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Samsonov, S.; Wallace, L.M. 2008 The Mw 6.6 Gisborne earthquake of 2007 : preliminary records and general source characterisation. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 41(4): 266-277

Holden, C. 2004 Direct measurement of fault rupture using seismic dense arrays : method and application to the Alpine Fault, New Zealand and SMART-1, Taiwan data. [Wellington]: [Earthquake Commission]. Research report / University of Canterbury, Department of Civil Engineering 2004-05. 131 p

 Massey, C. I., Olsen, M. J., Wartman, J., Senogles, A., Lukovic, B., Leshchinsky, B. A., et al. (2022). Rockfall activity rates before, during and after the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 127, e2021JF006400. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JF006400

Skłodowska, A.M., Holden, C., Guéguen, P. et al. Structural change detection applying long-term seismic interferometry by deconvolution method to a modern civil engineering structure (New Zealand). Bull Earthquake Eng 19, 3551–3569 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-021-01110-3

Wang, X., Holden, C., Power, W. et al. Seiche Effects in Lake Tekapo, New Zealand, in an Mw8.2 Alpine Fault Earthquake. Pure Appl. Geophys. 177, 5927–5942 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-020-02595-w

Becker, J.S.; Potter, S.H.; Prasanna, R.; Tan, M.L.; Payne, B.A.; Holden, C.; Horspool, N.A.; Smith, R.; Johnston, D.M. 2020. Scoping the potential for earthquake early warning in Aotearoa New Zealand : a sectoral analysis of perceived benefits and challenges. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51: article 101765; doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101765

Weaver, K.C.; Arnold, R.; Holden, C.; Townend, J.; Cox, S.C. 2020. A probabilistic model of aquifer susceptibility to earthquake-induced groundwater-level changes. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 110(3): 1046-1063; doi: 10.1785/0120180278

Holden, C.; Kaneko, Y.; D’Anastasio, E.; Benites, R.; Fry, B.; Hamling, I.J. 2017 The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake revealed by kinematic source inversion and seismic wavefield simulations : slow rupture propagation on a geometrically complex crustal fault network. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(22): 11320-11328; doi: 10.1002/2017GL075301

Bell, R.; Holden, C.; Power, W.L.; Wang, X.; Downes, G.L. 2014 Hikurangi margin tsunami earthquake generated by slow seismic rupture over a subducted seamount. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397: 1-9; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.005

Steacy, S.; Jimenez, A.; Holden, C. 2014 Stress triggering and the Canterbury earthquake sequence. Geophysical Journal International, 196(1): 473-480; doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt380

Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Jury, R. 2013 Sources, ground motion and structural response characteristics in Wellington of the 2013 Cook Strait earthquakes. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 46(4): 188-195

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J. 2012 Kinematic source studies of the ongoing (2010-2011) sequence of recent large earthquakes in Canterbury. paper 061 (8 p.) IN: Implementing lessons learnt : 2012 Conference, 13-15 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Christchurch: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Kaiser, A.E.; Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Beetham, R.D.; Benites, R.A.; Celentano, A.; Collet, D.; Cousins, W.J.; Cubrinovski, M.; Dellow, G.D.; Denys, P.; Fielding, E.; Fry, B.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Langridge, R.M.; Massey, C.I.; Motagh, M.; Pondard, N.; McVerry, G.H.; Ristau, J.; Stirling, M.W.; Thomas, J.; Uma, S.R.; Zhao, J.X. 2012 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of February 2011 : preliminary report. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(1): 67-90; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2011.641182

Fry, B.; Benites, R.A.; Reyners, M.E.; Holden, C.; Kaiser, A.E.; Bannister, S.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Williams, C.A.; Ristau, J.; Beavan, R.J. 2011 Strong shaking in recent New Zealand earthquakes. Eos, 92(41): 349-351

Gledhill, K.R.; Ristau, J.; Reyners, M.E.; Fry, B.; Holden, C. 2011 The Darfield (Canterbury, New Zealand) Mw7.1 earthquake of September 2010 : a preliminary seismological report. Seismological Research Letters, 82(3): 378-386; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.3.378

Holden, C. 2011 Kinematic source model of the 22 February 2011 Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake using strong motion data. Seismological Research Letters, 82(6): 783-788; doi: 10.1785/gssrl.82.6.783

Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Fry, B.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Quigley, M. 2011 Preliminary source model of the Mw 7.1 Darfield earthquake from geological, geodetic and seismic data. paper 164 IN: Ninth Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering : building an earthquake resilient society, April 14-16, 2011, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Auckland, NZ: 9PCEE

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X. 2011 Preliminary broadband modelling of an Apline Fault earthquake in Christchurch. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/28. 15 p.

Beavan, R.J.; Wang, X.; Holden, C.; Wilson, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Prasetya, G.; Bevis, M.; Kautoke, R. 2010 Near-simultaneous great earthquakes at Tongan megathrust and outer rise in September 2009. Nature, 466(7309): 959-964; doi: 10.1038/nature09292

Holden, C.; Zhao, J.X.; Miyake, H. 2009 Preliminary results of ground motions simulation for a subduction earthquake. paper 28 IN: Why do we still tolerate buildings that are unsafe in earthquakes : New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering 2009 Conference, 3-5 April, Christchurch, New Zealand. Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering

Holden, C.; Bannister, S.; Beavan, R.J.; Cousins, W.J.; Field, B.J.; McCaffrey, R.; McVerry, G.H.; Reyners, M.E.; Ristau, J.; Samsonov, S.; Wallace, L.M. 2008 The Mw 6.6 Gisborne earthquake of 2007 : preliminary records and general source characterisation. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 41(4): 266-277

Holden, C. 2004 Direct measurement of fault rupture using seismic dense arrays : method and application to the Alpine Fault, New Zealand and SMART-1, Taiwan data. [Wellington]: [Earthquake Commission]. Research report / University of Canterbury, Department of Civil Engineering 2004-05. 131 p

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